Which review summarizes browse toward conditions off address creation in the Off syndrome (DS) on the purposes of informing logical functions and guiding coming search.
Post on the new literary works are centered on looks having fun with MEDLINE, Google Student, PsycINFO, and you may HighWire Drive, also believe regarding site directories for the recovered data (plus on the internet supply). Search terms showcased properties associated with sound, articulation, phonology, prosody, fluency, and intelligibility.
The next results relate to four big areas of review: voice, speech tunes, fluency and you will prosody, and intelligibility. The original major town is actually voice. Even in the event many research has said on the vocal irregularities inside DS, big issues continue to be regarding character and you will regularity of your own phonatory infection. Outcome of perceptual and you will acoustic research has been blended, making it difficult to draw company results or perhaps to pick delicate steps to own coming studies. Next major urban area is actually message tunes. Articulatory and phonological research has shown you to address models inside the DS try a mixture of put-off invention and errors not noticed in normal innovation. Put-off (i.elizabeth., developmental) and disordered (we.age., nondevelopmental) habits was clear by age of about three-years, regardless if DS-relevant abnormalities perhaps are available earlier, despite child babbling. The third significant area was fluency and you may prosody. Stuttering and/or cluttering take place in DS on cost out-of 10%–45%, in contrast to in the 1% on general society. Search plus things to extreme disturbances within the prosody. The latest fourth big area are intelligibility. Education constantly let you know designated limits of this type, however, just recently has the browse moved beyond effortless score balances.
(2011). A glance at lookup towards the speech intelligibility and correlations having acoustic enjoys [Tech Statement CSLU-11-002] (pp. 1–16). Portland, Or : Cardiovascular system to possess Verbal Vocabulary Wisdom, Institution regarding Biomedical Systems, Oregon Health Research College .
(2009). Phonological reliability and you may intelligibility inside connected speech out-of men that have sensitive X syndrome otherwise Off syndrome. Record from Address, Vocabulary, and you will Hearing Research, 52, 1048–1061.
(2006). A comparison of oral design and you may dental-system setting into the young boys having fragile X problem and you may Down problem. Log of Speech, Vocabulary, and Reading Search, forty two, 903–917.
(1983). An excellent noninvasive acoustic approach having fun with frequency perturbations and you can pc-produced singing-tract shapes. Journal away from Address and Reading Search, 26, 304–314.
(1976). A diagnosis of your anatomic differences in people trisomy centered on dissections regarding 21- and you can 18-trisomes. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). School out of Wisconsin-Madison
(1980). Anatomical studies of your own developmental results of aneuploidy within the man: The Off disorder. Western Diary away from Scientific Family genes, 5 sitio de citas ateo, 399–420.
(2007). Metric investigation of one’s hard palate in children with Off syndrome: A relative studies. Down Disorder Browse and exercise, 12, 55–59.
(1988). The text enjoy of kids which have Down’s syndrome old a dozen to help you sixteen ages. Child Words Teaching and you will Cures, 4, 311–324.
(2009). Into the matchmaking between palate figure and articulatory decisions. The latest Diary of one’s Acoustical Neighborhood away from The usa, 125, 3936–3949.
(2002). Message creation errors inside people which have and you will instead of Down disorder following the verbal, composed, and you may pictorial cues. Developmental Neuropsychology, 21, 157–172.
(2011). An evaluation out of articulatory working place city within the vowel production of adults which have Down problem. Systematic Linguistics Phonetics, twenty-five, 321–334. doi:47
(2007). Phonetic intelligibility evaluation inside the grownups which have Down problem. Down Problem Look Practice: Brand new Record of your own Sarah Duffen Hub/School off Portsmouth, a dozen, 230–239.
(1999). Phonological sense knowledge in four year old British students: An assessment and you will normative research. Internationally Record from Language and Communication Issues, 34, 311–335.
(2003). A four-year longitudinal study of palatal dish treatment in kids having Down syndrome: Consequences on oral engine means, articulation and you will communications choice. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 61, 39–46.